Dr. Andrew Schneider is a podiatrist in private practice in Houston, TX. He is dedicated to maintaining the health and safety of the feet of his patients and educating the public on foot health. Bunions result from deformity in the first joint of your big toe. The internal muscles, the external muscles which connect the foot with the lower part of the leg, and the fat pads in the foot help the foot to bear the weight of the body. These also help in absorbing the impact of weight during weight-bearing activities like jumping or jogging. Ankles, heels, arches, soles, toes, and bases are the main parts of feet. Foot pain is experienced due to an injury to any of these parts. You can read more about bunion night splints here. Surgery: An injury where the nerve has been crushed cannot be treated with medicines. Treatment for the Underlying Medical Cause: Controlling blood sugar is a must for diabetic patients. They should try to keep the glucose levels in between 80 and 120 in order to alleviate symptoms of diabetic neuropathy. This can be achieved by following a low glucose diabetic diet, taking medicines on time, and maintaining a healthy body weight. Alternative Forms of Treatment: Physical therapy is an excellent alternative method for treating any neural damage. Physical therapy is also a part of rehabilitation program of those patients who have undergone surgery to repair damaged nerve. Acupuncture is another treatment which has worked wonders on some patients. Many patients have shown marked improvement in their nerve sensation after the treatment. In such cases, different methods of treatment discussed in this article can bring a significant improvement in the condition. Some people may never experience symptoms at all. A doctor can very often diagnose a bunion by looking at it. A foot x-ray can show an abnormal angle between the big toe and the foot. Wear felt or foam pads on your foot to protect the bunion, or devices called spacers to separate the first and second toes. If the bunion gets worse and more painful, surgery to realign the toe and remove the bony bump ( bunionectomy ) may help. You can keep a bunion from worsening by taking care of it and wearing different shoes when it first starts to develop. Wexler D, Grosser DM, Kile TA. Bunion and bunionette. If you don't have a foot spa at home, any clean basin will do. Pour a few tablespoons of Epsom salt or your favorite bath salts into the basin and fill with cool or lukewarm water, enough to cover the ankles. While seated comfortably, use a strap (or your hands if you're flexible) to grasp your toe. Gently pull the toe through a comfortable range of motion. Try gently stretching the toe away from the next toe, also holding for 30 seconds and repeating. Various disorders can lead to poor circulation, especially in the hands and feet. It is performed where due to degeneration of the cartilage, two bones of the joint are constantly pressing against each other, making the joint movement painful. Bunion is a kind of deformity where a bump is formed Plantar Fasciitis on the connecting bone between the big toe and the first bone of the foot (or metatarsal). One method of surgery is osteotomy where ligaments of the toe joint are realigned by surgically cutting the tissues. At this point, walking for brief intervals on the treadmill might help increase range of motion, prevent stiffness and scarring and speed recovery. Otherwise the bath or a bin large enough to fit your foot will work nicely. Just like the rest of your muscles, toes need to be stretched out too. Shoes tend to be a big culprit when it comes to bunions. The rubbing from the inside of the shoe can cause a bunion to occur. Measure your feet at the store and look for wider width shoes. Toe spacers will help to reduce pain and inflammation. Pain relief gels and creams can also be helpful in relieving pain.